DEQ-approved spread of toxic frack flowback worse than originally thought
Mackinac area tourist campground sprayed
Paradise Lake roads sprayed
Mackinaw State Forest road drenched with frack fluids
Deadly materials used
CHARLEVOIX, MICH. — Michigan grassroots environmental group Ban Michigan Fracking learned through documents obtained from the State through the Freedom of Information Act that a frack flowback spill in May 2012 in northern Michigan was much worse than the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality first indicated.
Documents and emails originally obtained last fall showed the state agency permitted spraying of flowback on roads early last summer for 30 days. The total was over 40,000 gallons.
Newly-released documents now show the frack wastes were sprayed in a state forest between two horizontal frack wells in Kalkaska County. In Cheboygan County flowback was spread on roads abutting Paradise Lake, on camp roads at Mill Creek Campground, and in an industrial yard. They also show the spraying was permitted for 94 days, not just 30.
The source wells were drilled and fracked in 2011 by Encana Oil & Gas. They are three miles apart on Sunset Trail, in the Mackinaw State Forest in Kalkaska County.
Paul Brady lives near Sunset Trail, the most heavily frack-sprayed road. Last spring he noticed the heavy spraying of Sunset Trail between the two Excelsior Township frack wells and took photos.
“Discovering the wastewater that was dumped on Sunset Trail was disturbing,” Brady said. “Sunset Trail is a popular road for all types of recreation including hunting, gathering morels, or just walking the dog. The North Branch of the Manistee River is also very close and is a huge part of what makes this area unique.”
Brady contacted the DEQ to complain. He then notified Ban Michigan Fracking.
Meanwhile frack activist JoAnne Beemon contacted the DEQ in September. Senior geologist Ray Vugrinovich sent her a list of approved “brine” wells. It showed spreading of frack wastes from one horizontal frack well, “State Excelsior 1-25,” was permitted from May 14 to June 13.
Ban Michigan Fracking (BMF), asked Vugrinovich for more information. The DEQ provided two letters, indicating approval to Team Services, a subcontractor to Encana, to use “brine” from the frack well for dust and ice control on roads. On June 13 the approval was revoked effective “immediately,” with dire warnings about unknown chemicals in the flowback.
DEQ field operations chief Rick Henderson stated in an email that 954 barrels of flowback had been spread from two wells for 15 days starting on May 30.
Noting the size and scale of the frack flowback surface release, BMF also filed reports of the incident as a hazardous spill to the National Response Center and with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The EPA, which depends on Michigan DEQ for enforcing compliance, has not responded.
The Michigan DEQ website claims “fracturing has never jeopardized the environment or public health.” The DEQ’s Henderson told the Traverse City-based Northern Express the DEQ had tested samples and found no threats.
On receipt of BMF’s FOIA request, DEQ insisted on payment of $475.94. Pooling resources and under protest, BMF and other groups came up with it. A package of 372 pages finally arrived December 6. There was no cover letter.
The documents show:
* The DEQ’s Vugrinovich had also granted permission on March 12 for a second well, “State Excelsior 1-13,” for spraying frack wastes on roads – permission that stayed in effect for 94 days to June 14.
* Flowback was spread on camp roads at Mill Creek Campground on June 13, at the start of the high tourist season. The total was 2,268 gallons. The campground, now in its 50th year, is three miles from the Mackinac Bridge. It has 600 sites and a mile of Lake Huron shoreline.
* Flowback was spread June 6 on Sommers and Paradise Lake Roads, which abut Paradise Lake in Cheboygan County, a total of 6720 gallons.
* Flowback, 9240 gallons, was spread May 30 in the Michigan Wood Carriers yard in Wolverine.
* Sunset Trail received 21,840 gallons on unknown dates.
* One of the chemicals in the flowback was Acid Inhibitor 2 (“AI-2″), a blood-red liquid. One of AI-2’s ingredients is proprietary and secret. The material safety data sheet says AI-2 is flammable in liquid or vapor form, explosive, poison, and fatal. The sheet adds: “’Empty’ containers retain product residue (liquid and/or vapor) and can be dangerous. DO NOT PRESSURIZE, CUT, WELD, BRAZE, SOLDER, DRILL, GRIND, OR EXPOSE SUCH CONTAINERS TO HEAT, FLAME, SPARKS, STATIC ELECTRICITY, OR OTHER SOURCES OF IGNITION; THEY MAY EXPLODE AND CAUSE INJURY OR DEATH.”
* The DEQ is not equipped to test for radium. It had to send spill samples to an outside lab for radium testing.
BMF followed up on January 4 with a demand for requested documents the DEQ had not provided:
* Results of testing, clean-up, and remediation, including the radium.
* Documents showing the reasons DEQ allowed spread of flowback in public places, and what new information caused it to change its mind.
* The identity of the secret ingredient in AI-2. DEQ regulations require materials to be specified after a spill or release regardless of confidentiality.
Encana, the operator, is responsible for spills and releases, under DEQ regulations. Other companies involved include:
* Superior Well Services supplied the AI-2 Material Safety Data (MSD) sheet and most of the others.
* Kroff Chemical Company supplied one MSD sheet.
* Fibertec Environmental Services analyzed the frack flowback for Encana.
* Team Services spread the frack flowback for Encana. A June 14 email from the company’s Kreg Wyskochil is the source of the above dates, quantities, and locations of the flowback spread.
Team Services, a Kalkaska, Michigan based company, owns five class-II injection wells in Michigan, provides fracking services, well site construction, brine spreading, and other oil and natural gas industry operations. Kreg Wyskochil has not responded to BMF requests for locations of frack flowback spread during the secret period from March to May.
The Cheboygan News reported on October 20 that Mike Roper of the Cheboygan County Road Commission said Team Services “would not haul fluid all the way from Kalkaska,” and the company told him “the county received no brine connected to oil fracking.”
The DEQ is an environmental agency. It had a legal duty to notify neighbors as soon as it realized the danger. Team Services and Encana are private companies. Their duty to notify was moral.
Mill Creek Campground, Paradise Lake Association, and the Cheboygan County Road Commission have been notified. (BMF was unable to reach Michigan Wood Carriers.) None was aware of the spills until last week.
“Frack ‘brine,’ frack fluid, flowback, and ‘produced water’ are just different sides of the same frack-waste coin. The size and scale of this poisonous invasion of toxic industrial wastes from the thousands of horizontal frack wells planned for Michigan cannot be avoided unless there is a statewide ban,” said LuAnne Kozma of Ban Michigan Fracking.
Ban Michigan Fracking will bring its message to the governor’s State of the State Address, January 16, at 5:00 pm, on the Capitol steps in Lansing.
For more information, including copies of emails from Ray Vugrinovich, Rick Henderson, and Kreg Wyskochil, the MSD sheets, and the FOIA request and appeal, contact Ban Michigan Fracking, firstname.lastname@example.org