Slaying the faulty studies: DOE’s “happy thought” “study”

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by Steve Coffman, New York
Printed with permission to Ban Michigan Fracking



The good news was so good that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) couldn’t wait to tell the world. “Federal hydrofracking study shows no contamination of drinking water in Pennsylvania!” the Associated Press dutifully headlined the DOE study that proved nothing of the kind.

What the article actually documented was that, from a sample of one out of tens of thousands of  fracked Pennsylvania wells, “preliminary: results from an “ongoing study” found no fracking chemical markers in the drinking water above.

The article quotes Duke University scientist Rob Jackson, who was not involved with the study. “He called it a ‘useful and important approach’ to monitoring fracking, but he cautioned that the single study doesn’t prove that fracking can’t pollute, since geology and industry practices vary widely in Pennsylvania and across the nation.”

Later in the article, “Jackson wondered whether the unidentified drilling company might have consciously or unconsciously taken extra care with the research site, since it was being watched. He also noted that other aspects of the drilling process can cause pollution, such as poor well construction, surface spills of chemicals and wastewater.”

It should be noted that Dr. Jackson was part of a peer-review Duke University study that found “evidence that natural gas escaped from some wells near the surface and polluted drinking water in northeastern Pennsylvania.” Jackson’s suggestion that DOE may have cherry-picked its sole-studied well, or that the unnamed gas company may have led DOE to a pre-selected sample is cautionary indeed.

If this seems unjustly conspiratorial, consider that the DOE study was conducted by the National Energy Technological Laboratory (NETL). So who are they?

Well, NETL just happens to be owned and operated by DOE, and its mission, as stated on its own website asserts that: 

“NETL implements a broad spectrum of energy and environmental research . . . enabling domestic coal, natural gas, and oil.”

Certainly no reason to look for conflict of interest there! It is interesting, though, that the “preliminary result of this ongoing study” should be seen as so groundbreaking that it required an immediate press conference and PR interview with Kathryn “Fracking-Queen” Klaber. Or that it was released to all major news outlets despite the disclaimer near the end of the article:

 “On Friday, DOE spokesman David Anna added that while nothing of concern has been found thus far, ‘the results are far too preliminary to make any firm claims.’”

So, I guess “Federal hydrofracking study shows no contamination of drinking water in Pennsylvania” isn’t a firm scientific claim then, but just a corporate happy thought.

Well, thanks, DOE, for the terrific sneaky preview

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. And, for what it’s worth, in my preliminary opinion you’re doing a crackerjack job of fulfilling your mission—to enable the gas industry, despite the facts or good scientific method. 

–Steve Coffman  7/23/13

Thanks Steve, for uncovering and writing about this and offering it to our website.

Enormous gas industry wealth lining up to try to defeat frack ban initiative

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Here's a billboard we'd like to see.

In a quarterly campaign statement filed on July 23 the Michigan Chamber of Commerce’s ballot question committee reported direct contributions of $324,525 in the April-July period.

The money is to be spent on billboards and a website to try to defeat the ballot initiative of the Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan, according to the Chamber’s new campaign website .

The Committee to Ban Fracking is at . (We encourage all Michigan voters who want to see this get on the ballot in 2014 to donate their time and money now to the Committee to Ban Fracking’s campaign.)

Named “PAC II,” the Chamber’s ballot question committee reported $37,500 of the total was from out of state.  Earlier reports show PAC II had been nearly moribund until the Committee to Ban Fracking’s campaign began in April.

PAC II also had in-kind contributions, most related to a golf outing and office work, and most paid by the Chamber and several resorts and hotels.  The total:  $9,131.94.

Notably, Michigan’s big fracker Encana Oil & Gas (USA) and its Grand Rapids law firm Mika Meyers contributed ($5,000 and $500, respectively).  Encana is a subsidiary of a Calgary-based firm of the same name with assets of US$14 billion.  Last year it fracked a well in Kalkaska County with 21 million gallons of water, a world record.

At least ten other energy companies donated more than $10,000 each and at least twelve others over $5,000.

Expenses in the April-July period summed to $29,025.83, of which $20,000 went to Lansing-based Marketing Resource Group.  Presumably the Resource Group designed the website and provides political advice. MRG is known for its work representing many polluting and toxic-waste producing industries in Michigan. (From their website about staffer Deb Muchmore: “Her expertise has brought a series of demanding assignments that have involved the state’s public energy utilities; waste handling and landfill operators; the world’s largest water bottling company; a top international mining company; a national paper manufacturing company; … Michigan’s oil and natural gas producers; a major chemical company; a global leader in cement manufacture; and more.”)

Most of the rest went for expenses at a golf outing on June 10 at Hawk Hollow, a luxury resort near Lansing.  The event netted $34,622.68 on attendance of 69, or just over $500 each.

Last year PAC II spent $3.6 million opposing renewable energy and union ballot initiatives to amend the Michigan constitution.  The Chamber itself made more contributions against the initiatives on top of that.

PAC II’s financial reports are here: .  Contributors to PAC II and the dollar levels in April-July are listed at the end of this article.  They are hardly the grass roots.

A Detroit Free Press story on financial reports for ballot drives missed out on the Michigan Chamber’s PAC II. .


PAC II’s founding statement in 2007 did not name the ballot proposals it supported or opposed.  It should have, in item # 12 on the form.  In addition to the Committee to Ban Fracking, today there are three other Michigan ballot proposals in the qualifying stages.  One is about abortion, one is about wolves, and one is about ballot referendums.  None of them spent nearly as much as PAC II in the April-July period.

On August 6 we asked an analyst at the state campaign finance bureau how the public could tell from PAC II’s report which ones of the four proposals the Resource Group’s $20,000 work would address.  We are guessing that probably 100% of the Group’s efforts will be directed at the frack ban initiative, but the financial report doesn’t actually say that.  As it stands, PAC II would be free to allocate substantial money to support or oppose, for example, the abortion proposal.  Is this proper?

Puzzled at first by the question, the state analyst finally said a letter would go out to PAC II demanding which ballot questions the Group would address, and whether it was for or against.  PAC II must answer in 9 days.


The Chamber’s press release and website make several erroneous, gas industry talking points, such as: “With over 12,000 wells drilled using this technique, hydraulic fracturing has clearly been proven safe”; current state regulation is “tough but fair”; jobs; “energy independence,” and public revenue are important; Michigan voters last year rejected petition drives controlled by “out-of-state interests with a national agenda”; energy policy should be decided “by legislative give-and-take”; the Committee to Ban is a “narrow special interest group with an ax to grind”; ”don’t turn Michigan into California”; the petition drive is “dangerous” and “based on fear and emotion” and a “direct attack on a key industry.”

Regular readers of this page will be already familiar with these arguments and their refutations, so we content ourselves only with this:

*  Energy independence and out-of state interests:  Michigan’s biggest fracker is foreign-owned and much of the gas produced would go out of the state and country.  Only 25% of the gas found here is produced by Michigan-based companies.  The Chamber can hardly complain of out-of-state interests when it is taking $37,500 from them.

*  Tough regulation:  DEQ plays patsy for the industry, as demonstrated most recently by its bungling close-mouthed slap-on-the-hand response to a distributor who put 300,000 gallons of poisonous oilfield wastes (that they would like to call “brine”) on roads near the Platte River in rural Benzie County in June.

*  Petition drives of last year:  All of them sought constitutional amendments.  The frack ban initiative this year seeks a legislative amendment. The Michigan Chamber puts all initiatives into one category, and their message to voters is that democracy is just not convenient for Big Business (especially polluting industries). They’d rather keep decisions about fracking in the hands of their lobbied and industry-supported legislators–not the voters of Michigan.

*  Safe fracking in 12,000 wells:  This is not true. Most of the 12,000 involved vertical fracking, and the track record for Michigan DEQ is not stellar.  See Dr. Christopher Grobbel’s talk on this point here. The ballot initiative would ban only horizontal fracking.

*  Direct attack on a key industry:  First, an industry which poses a silicosis hazard to its workers and contamination danger to its neighbors, and destroys the livelihoods of others can hardly be called “key.” But the rest of this point does hold water and it’s a good one. The ballot initiative attacks the oil-gas industry’s special-interest protection which it has enjoyed for years. Michigan has a law saying the DEQ has to construe everything in a way to “foster” the industry favorably, and “maximize” oil-gas production.  In other words, maximize the state’s contribution to global warming, and maximize oil-gas profits.  That’s why the industry today has so much money. The initiative would change the DEQ’s duty so it would have to protect human health and water. Isn’t that what a Department of Environmental Quality is supposed to do? Protect the quality of the environment rather than the health of the pocketbooks of oil and gas?


Financial reports of the Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan are here: .  In the same April-July period, they show direct contributions of $12,482.01 and in-kind contributions of $70.12.  Expenditures were $5,734.64, primarily for printing.  The Committee to Ban owes $3,935.

In other words the industry has collected 26 times what the Committee to Ban has collected.  Does the Committee stand a chance against such odds?  Yes.

First, we expected the industry to bully and pile on, but we didn’t imagine it would do so while the Committee was still qualifying for the ballot.  The Chamber’s bag of dirty fossil fuel money means it figured out in April the Committee to Ban will make it.  The Chamber is nervous and uncertain.  Well it should be, with so much to lose.

Second, these are bullying tactics, intended to intimidate.  We think the voters will see that.  In Longmont Colorado last November the industry outspent ban supporters by a similar margin — $500,000 to $25,000.  The result: 60% of voters went for a ban.

Third, a video on the PAC II website says if the Committee makes the ballot, voters will be “barraged by 30-second sound bites.”  Interesting.  Radio and TV sound bites are expensive.  The Chamber not only expects the Committee will make the ballot, but when it does the grass roots will step up with money.

The giant is angry and confused.  With discipline and dedication we can tip him over. (Sign up here to volunteer or contribute to Committee to Ban Fracking in Michigan).


Direct contributors to PAC II in April-July 2013 (where one contributor made multiple contributions they are aggregated):

$50,000:  Michigan Chamber of Commerce.

$10,000:  Muskegon Development Co, Breitburn Energy Partners, Jordan Exploration Co, Summit Petroleum Corp, Savoy Exploration, Dart Oil & Gas, Merit Energy, Countrymark (Indianapolis IN), DTE Energy, Michigan Oil and Gas Association, West Bay Exploration Co, Jackson National Life Insurance, Linn Energy (Houston TX), Strickler Resources.

$5,000:  Trendwell Energy, MITEP, Omimex Energy (Fort Worth TX), Paxton Resources, OIL Energy, Enervest Operating East (Charleston WV), Miller Energy, Core Energy, Bigard & Huggard Drilling, Wavelet Investments, Amway, Fruehauf Production Co, Rock Oil Co, Southwestern Oil Co, Encana Oil & Gas USA (Denver CO), Western Land Services, Kelly Miller Miller Investment Co.

$4,000:  Yohe Enterprises.

$2,500:  Harkins Energy, Kler Energy, McLaren Health Care Corp, Consumers Energy, Gulfmark Energy, Pharma (Indianapolis IN), Citizens Insurance, Nestle Waters North America.

$2,000:  Maness Petroleum.

$1,500:  American Aggregates Corp.

$1,300:  Republic Services, Alerus Financial Corp, Packaging Corp of America, Physicians Health Plan Inc.

$1,000:  Worman & Dixon PLC, Marketing Resource Group, General Agency Co, MI Cable Telecommunications Assoc, Great Lakes Caring, Truscott Rossman Group, Allied Printing Co, Lilly USA, Indian Trails.

$  900:   Dykema Gossett.

$  600:  Anderson Economic Group, Frankenmuth Mutual Insurance.

$  500:  North Bay Energy, SHA Energy, Greg Fogle Old Mission Energy, Mika Meyers Beckett & Jones.

$  300:  MI Infrastructure & Trans Assoc, Edward C Levy Co, Wolfgast Corp, New Center Stamping, Governmental Consultant Svcs, Lockwood Companies, AAA Automobile Club of MI, Bull Enterprises, Auto Owners Insurance Co, Meijer

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